Art classification

Art can be classified according to different criteria. The subject of display of fine arts is external reality, while non-fine arts embody the inner world. According to the type of expression and perception, non-fine arts are divided into musical, dance and literary, mixed types are also possible. Different types of art are characterized by genre differentiation.

According to the dynamics of art can be divided into spatial and temporal. According to their utility, arts are divided into applied and elegant (pure).

According to the materials, art can be divided into types using

traditional and modern materials (paints, canvas, clay, wood, metal, granite, marble, plaster, chemical materials, serial industry products, etc.)
modern ways of storing information (modern electrical engineering, digital computers)

  • Media art: computer art, digital painting, web art, etc.
  • Music: classical, academic, electronic (see musical genres and styles)
  • calligraphy, songs, literature (prose, poetry)
  • human intermediary (performer: actor, singer, clown, etc.)

Arts Static Dynamic

  • Fine art, graphics, sculpture, photographic art, graffiti silent films
  • theatre, opera, stage, circus, film art
  • Non-pictorial architecture, arts and crafts, literature, music, choreography, ballet, radio art

Any kind of activity can be conditionally called art if the performer puts his feelings in a new original and meaningful form. So, for example, ikebana, martial arts, computer games, etc. can be classified as art on the basis of the aesthetic perception of the elements of this activity associated with graphics, sound, movement, and according to the principle of the degree of performance skill.

The manifestation of entrepreneurial talent is manifested in the art of building a business system. The creation of a new business cannot be reduced to a predetermined sequence of actions and has long been recognized as a special kind of art in the socio-economic environment.

Sometimes, instead of the term art, a synonym of foreign origin art is used: pixel art, ORFO art, art therapy, body art (one of the types of avant-garde art), video art, sound art, net art.


Fine arts are characterized by works whose aesthetic value and imagery are perceived purely visually. Works of fine art can be non-objective and even intangible (screen saver, book typeface), but, regardless of materiality and objectivity, typical works of fine art have the features of an object (limited space, stability in time). The ability to generate objects is the most important property of fine art, associated with its origin, which determined its history and determined its development. Fine art either creates independent objects that do not have utilitarian value (sculpture, painting, graphics, photography), or aesthetically organizes utilitarian objects and information arrays (arts and crafts, design). Fine art actively influences the perception of the objective environment and virtual reality.

Types of fine arts:

  • Architecture
  • Painting
  • Graphic arts
  • Sculpture
  • Arts and Crafts
  • Theatrical and decorative art
  • Design
  • Architecture

Architecture is the art of constructing buildings and structures for the life and activities of people. The word “architecture” comes from the Greek “Archus” – the main, the highest; “Tectonic” – construction. Requires three-dimensional space.. It also has an internal space – the interior.


Painting is a kind of fine art, the works of which are created with the help of paints (tempera, oil paints, acrylic, gouache).

Graphic arts

Graphics is a form of fine art that includes drawing and printed images. “Grafo” – I write, draw, draw. The drawings are made in pencil, ink, sepia, sanguine… Printed images – engravings, lithography, woodcuts, monotype. Graphics is divided into easel, book and applied. On the verge of painting and graphics are watercolor, gouache and pastel. The first works of graphics are rock paintings of primitive art. In ancient Greece, graphic art was at the highest level – vase painting.


The term comes from the Latin “sculpere” – cut, carve. Unlike painting and graphics, there is volume in sculpture. Sculpture is a three-dimensional image. Materials: bone, stone, wood, clay, metal, wax… Sculpture is one of the most ancient forms of art. The first sculptural works were idols, amulets, portrayed the ancient gods. A distinction is made between round sculpture (viewed from different angles) and relief (high, medium, low, counter-relief). Sculpture is divided into types: easel and monmental (monuments, monuments) and monumental-decorative (architectural decoration).

Decorative and Applied Arts (DPI).

In every house, various objects live and serve us. And if they were touched by the hand of an artist, jeweler or craftsman, then they become a work of arts and crafts. The term appeared in the 18th century. from the French word “decor” – decoration everywhere. Applied means that to which skill, art is applied.


Starting from the primitive period, one can trace the development of this art form.

Theatrical and decorative art

This type of art includes the creation of scenery, props, costumes, make-up.