Genres and styles of art
The term “genre” comes from the French – kind, genus. The first independent genres appeared in the Netherlands in the 16th century. Historical Mythological, Religious Battle Portrait Landscape Still Life Household Marina Animal Interior
- The historical genre is works of art that reflect real historical characters or events.
- The mythological genre is a work of art that reflects mythological subjects.
- The battle genre is a work of art that reflects military episodes. An artist who writes on battle themes is called a battle painter.
A portrait is an image of a person in sculpture, painting and graphics. Portraits painted by artists convey to us the images of people from past eras.
Landscape is a picture in which nature has become its main content. The term “landscape” (paysage) comes from the French language, which means “nature” in translation. As an independent genre, landscape originated in Holland. Landscape painting is varied. There are landscapes that accurately convey certain corners of nature, in others the state is subtly conveyed. There are also fantastic landscapes.
The term “still life” comes from a French word that literally means “dead nature”. These are paintings, the heroes of which are various household items, fruits, flowers or food (fish, game, and so on). Still lifes tell us not only about things, but also about their owners, about their life, way of life and habits.
- Household genre – these are paintings that reflect episodes from the everyday life of people.
- Marina is a work of art that depicts the sea. An artist who paints the sea is called a marine painter.
- The animalistic genre is works of art that depict animals.
- Interior – the image of the interior decoration of an architectural structure.
The concept of “style” is an originality that allows you to immediately determine in which historical era the work was created. An artistic (high) style is a direction that involves all types of art. For example, baroque is a high style, and rococo is a direction. The great or high styles include the classics of antiquity, the Romanesque style and Gothic in the Middle Ages, the Renaissance style, which marked the transition period from the Middle Ages to the New Age, baroque and classicism in the New Age. The last major style at the turn of the XIX – XX centuries. became Art Nouveau, in which an attempt was made to revive the unity of architecture, decorative and fine arts. The combination of several types of art in one work is called the synthesis of arts. In other words, the art style reaches its highest level when it involves all kinds of art. Having developed in a certain historical era, high styles were continuously transformed and revived at the next stage in a new quality. For example, classicism of the 17th century. in France, he took the basis from the ancient classics, while he is very different from the neoclassicism of the second half of the 18th century. and, of course, from neoclassicism as one of the eclectic trends of the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries.