The concept of art
Art (from Church-Slav. Art (Latin experimentum – experience, test); Art. – Slav. Iskous – experience, less often torture, torture) – a figurative understanding of reality; the process or result of expressing the inner or outer world of the creator in an (artistic) image; creativity directed in such a way that it reflects the interests of not only the author himself, but also other people.
Art (along with science) is one of the ways of cognition, both in the natural sciences and in the religious picture of the perception of the world.
The concept of art is extremely broad – it can manifest itself as an extremely developed skill in a particular area. For a long time, art was considered a kind of cultural activity that satisfies a person’s love for beauty. Along with the evolution of social aesthetic norms and assessments, any activity aimed at creating aesthetically expressive forms has gained the right to be called art.
On the scale of the whole society, art is a special way of knowing and reflecting reality, one of the forms of artistic activity of social consciousness and part of the spiritual culture of both man and all mankind, a diverse result of the creative activity of all generations.
The term art can be used in different senses: the process of using talent, the work of a gifted master, the consumption of works of art by an audience, and the study of art (art history). “Fine Arts” is a set of disciplines (arts) that produce works of art (objects) created by gifted masters (art as activity) and evoke a response, mood, convey symbolism and other information to the public (art as consumption). A work of art is the intentional and talented interpretation of an unlimited number of concepts and ideas in order to convey them to others. They may be created specifically for a specified purpose, or they may be represented by images and objects. Art stimulates thoughts, feelings, representations and ideas through sensations. It expresses ideas, takes many different forms, and serves many different purposes.
At present, the world cultural tradition uses concepts of art that originate in Mediterranean antiquity, especially in the Greco-Roman understanding of this term.
In a primitive society, primitive pictorial art originates with the species Homo sapiens as a way of human activity to solve practical problems. Originating in the era of the Middle Paleolithic, primitive art flourished in the Upper Paleolithic, about 40 thousand years ago, and could be a social product of society, embodying a new stage in the development of reality. The oldest works of art, such as the shell necklace found in South Africa, date back to 75,000 BC. e. and more. In the Stone Age, art was represented by primitive rituals, music, dances, all kinds of body decorations, geoglyphs – images on the ground, dendrographs – images on the bark of trees, images on animal skins, cave paintings, rock paintings, petroglyphs and sculpture.
The emergence of art is associated with games, rituals and rituals, including those conditioned by mythological and magical representations.
Primitive art was syncretic. According to some authors, it originates in pre-speech skills and techniques for transmitting, perceiving and storing linguistic information in memory. The communicative utility of primitive creativity, along with the development of the aesthetic aspect, is clearly observed in the pre-printing folklore period of the cultures of all peoples. There are also theories about art as a biological function (artistic instinct).